The initial investigations for a solar energy integrated building were conducted by Mohammad Amini and co-workers in MERC during 2008 till 2011. The main project was started in 2012 and the construction contract was awarded to Mabna Group in late 2012.
The building employs a reinforced concrete structure and comprehensive thermal insulations along with two units of wind towers, solar thermal collectors, a sunspace-greenhouse and an integrated photovoltaic (PV) power plant. The construction works were finalized in March 2015.
This building has educational, research and administrative applications. There are three laboratory halls, a power management room, heating facility, convention hall, three classrooms and several offices.
The Renewable Energy Building has been designed and constructed in two stories with 2000 square meter substructure area. The scopes of the project are reduction of final energy consumption and substitution of consumed energy by the generated energy from clean and renewable resources. The building employs smart management system with a combination of solar heating system, photovoltaic power generation unit, passive solar utilization and natural ventilation system. A nominal capacity of 30 kW PV electricity has been installed for the building and combined with smart inverters which enable the building to deliver the surplus electricity to the internal grid of MERC during the low-load hours.
Maximizing the daylight utilization along with employment of LED lights in order to minimize the electricity consumption in lighting system
Optimizing in fenestration
Complete insulation of the building and minimizing the occurrence of thermal bridges
Smart control of interior lighting in order to prevent the unnecessary consumptions
Employing the passive solar system and optimal orientation
Utilization of solar PV system for the electrification of building
Employing a smart control system for building’s ventilation
Application of comprehensive metering system in the building’s loads
Using a heating system with variable thermal flow in order to optimize the thermal efficiency
Employing a thermal storage system to maintain the internal temperature during night
Facilitation of thermal and electrical exchange with the internal grid and outside consumers
Employing the building’s inertia for load distribution and mitigation of peak demand of thermal energy
Incorporation of advanced and smart control system in optimal operation of the building
Utilization of Building Management System (BMS) for integrated controlling the interior spaces’ temperature
Optimal design of solar heating system and preparation of multi-functional thermal energy supply
Enabling the solar heating system to withstand in highest ambient temperature and minimum thermal demand in the building
Utilization of solar water heating with optimal temperature control for the maximal uptake of solar energy